The fungi and flora that usually live harmoniously on our feet under the right circumstances e.g. warm, dark footwear can develop into athlete’s foot and then start to invade the nail.
There are three nail layers and the infection can be limited to the lower layers causing discolouration. Over time this can progress into the whole nail causing thickening and distortion of the nail. Topical application of anti-fungal treatments struggle to penetrate the nail.
Essentially the treatment involves painlessly drilling tiny holes into the nail while maintaining the integrity of the nail. This allows daily application of an anti-fungal agent to penetrate the nail and the nail bed. The patient also gets the measurable excitement of watching the fungal nail grow out. The process is repeated as the nail grows, roughly every 6 weeks.